Cost-engineering waterflooding management methods and tools for West Siberian oil fields


OPEX optimization of the oil field development system in Western Siberia is the important task for oil companies. This is due to both a decline in oil prices and the watercut growth in the production. Companies are forced to have large costs associated with organizing the injection of the working agent of the water flooding system, lifting the liquid to the surface, and working on fluid dehydration. Often, the total value of operating costs forces companies to abandon some production wells, which negatively affects both the Company's income and the level of recovery factor.


The development of simulation modeling tools opens up opportunities for companies to optimize key technological and economic indicators of field development. This is especially useful for old fields at the final stage of development, the achievement of profitability of which is impossible without continuous optimization measures.


However, the geological uncertainties and the complexity of the evaluation of the hydrodynamic connection between the injection and production wells do not allow oil companies to obtain a correct answer to the question of the efficiency of the current water flooding system and individual injection wells. Unfortunately, the complexity of creating a permanent hydrodynamic model, connected both with the unreliability of input data, and with high labor and computational costs does not allow to fully meet the requirements for optimizing the waterflooding system. At the same time, analytical methods, despite their simplicity and flexibility, are not popular due to low predictive ability


In this connection, the greatest attention is paid to the hybrid hydrodynamic model based on the capacitive-resistive analogy (CR). The use of this model is based on training on historical data, testing the quality of training on test historical data and subsequently forecasting development indicators. Based on physical processes, a simplified model of material balance with a minimum number of unknowns makes it possible to identify efficiently and with sufficient quality injection wells with a low production effect and predict the effect of injection rate change. In integration with the economic model, this CR-method allows to forecast and maximize NPV depending on the Company’s variable costs.


Particular attention is paid to the aspects of block analysis (BFA): predicting watercut based on displacement characteristics, factor analysis of changes in oil production and cash flow.


The use of the method at a number of fields in Western Siberia has demonstrated good convergence with the results of calculations on more complex numerical models.

About author:



Mikhail Naugolnov – reservoir engineering manager in LLC Gazpromneft STC. In 2011 he graduated with honors St. Petersburg Mining Institute, specializing in the petroleum engineering, in 2012 - with honors in economics and management. In 2011-2012 he worked for Total E&P Russie in the project of commissioning the Kharyaga oil field. Since 2013, he has been working at LLC Gazpromneft STC, in direction related to reservoir engineering, design, monitoring, development management, simulation modeling, and automation of calculation methods. Author more than 20 scientific works.


From 12 till 15 November, 2018, at the Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University) the X International Youth Scientific and Practical Congress "Oil and Gas Horizons” will be organized by the Gubkin University SPE (Society of Petroleum Engineers) Student Chapter.


The scale of the Congress is growing every year, and the geography of the participants is expanding. This year will be the tenth anniversary for the "Oil and Gas Horizons". In 2017, the Congress participants became 107 students, undergraduates and postgraduates from 38 universities in 23 countries.


The program of the Congress includes paper contest, intellectual game PetroOlympic Games, motivational training, Technical Case, as well as excursions around the city. The event provides a unique opportunity for students of the world's leading universities studying in various areas of the oil and gas industry to share their knowledge and experience with each other.

The work of the Congress will be attended by experts from the faculties of the University, as well as from leading oil and gas companies.


Within the framework of the Student Paper Contest, the following sections are provided:

• Geological Sciences;

• Drilling and Completion of Wells;

• Oil and Gas Fields Development;

• Oil and Gas Chemistry;

• Health, Safety and Environment;

• Petroleum Economics and Management;

• “Smart”Technologies for Oil and Gas Industry.


There are also 3 additional sections:

• Competition of postgraduate work (PhD);

• Competition of works of young specialists;

• Section of poster presentations.


The Congress "Oil and Gas Horizons", in addition to a lot of experience and bright emotions, give participants a lot of new acquaintances, both with experts of the oil and gas industry and with the same students from all over the world. Winners of the competition of scientific works and intellectual game will be awarded with valuable prizes from sponsors and partners of the Congress.


The official language of the Congress is English.


Do not miss your chance to present scientific work at the largest international youth event of Gubkin University, submitting a thesis before August 20, 2018 on the Congress website:


If you have any questions, please contact:


The official e-mail address of the Congress: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


Eleonora Belova

President of Gubkin University SPE Student Chapter

E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Tel. 7-916-130-18-87


Polina Letkova

The main organizer of the Congress "Oil and Gas Horizons"

Vice-President of Gubkin University SPE Student Chapter

E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Tel. 7-915-360-35-48

We invite you to SPE young professionals meeting on "Prospectivity of the Jurassic reservoirs on the Barents Sea shelf".


The presentation is divided into two parts. In the first one, the speaker will present a general view on modern approaches of big data processing (using machine learning methods) in application for oil and gas industry. Some myths related to BIG DATA approaches, barriers of their implementation within the industry will be presented as well as the idea why in some industries data science instruments are fruitful while in others are not. The second part will be devoted to application of spectral methods and deep learning algorithms for thin sections analysis of sandstones. It will be demonstrated how these methods allow us to reduce significantly time wasting for routing processes as well as to enhance the data value .



Semeon BUDENNYY, Head of Department of Digital Technologies in the Industry at the Center for Engineering and Technology of MIPT (CET MIPT), PhD student at MIPT. In 2014 he obtained the Master’s degree in Physics at NSU, in 2011 – Bachelor’s degree in Physics at NSU, in 2007 he graduated from Specialized Educational Scientific Center of NSU. He has been working at CET-MIPT from 2014, being an SPE member from 2014.



YP April 12 meeting canceled!

Drilling groups and executives generally have a different view of measuring drilling performance. To executives, “Drilling” commonly refers to all aspects of well construction, including drilling, completions, hook-up, procurement, the asset team, and other groups. Good measures of performance can drive improvements between these groups. The first key to success is how to communicate drilling performance in terms that answer the questions of executives and managers, which requires a business-focused cross-functional process. The second key to success is to drive operational performance improvement, which requires a different set of measures with sufficient granularity to define actions. Over the past 10 years, a very workable system has evolved through various approaches used in drilling more than 16,000 wells in the US, South America, and the Middle East. The system has delivered best-in-class performance. It has proven that an effective performance measurement system which addresses both executive requirements and operational requirements can both deliver outstanding results, and also communicate those results, with remarkable value to the organization.  


John Willis is New Mexico Drilling and Completions Manager for Occidental Oil & Gas Corporation. His responsibilities include all aspects of drilling, fracturing, and completing unconvetional horizonal wells. Prior to this role, he was Chief of Drilling, with responsibility for standards, operational support, global systems, the drilling data system, and tools for drilling performance measurement. Prior to his Chief role, he served as Drilling Manager in Oman and Drilling Manager in Libya. His experience prior to Oxy includes other drilling roles, service company roles related to project management and software development, and he operated a consulting and software business. He has Chaired two SPE Forums, served on Forum Steering Committees, and Chaired the 2003 SPE/IADC Drilling Conference.

Mathematical modeling of phase behavior of multicomponent hydrocarbon mixtures is an essential part of up-to-date practices in petroleum reservoir engineering. Phase behavior calculations form the basis of the PVT software, as well as the 'flash' procedures for determination of phase state and compositions within compositional flow simulators. Adequate description of phase behavior is important for simulation of petroleum production with intensive phase transitions in the reservoir, wells and surface facilities.

One of the key assumptions of industry adopted models is that phase state of the hydrocarbon mixture and phase compositions correspond to the condition of thermodynamic equilibrium. However, there are typical cases for oil and gas-condensate reservoirs when field data are principally inconsistent with equilibrium models. Some examples to give are data of well operation at Novogodneye, Vuktylskoye, Krasnoleninskoye, Kamennoye and many other fields.

In hydrocarbon production, non-equilibrium effects are evident in the following cases:

1) pressure increase in a reservoir (by water or gas injection) following previous pressure depletion with evaluation of the second hydrocarbon phase (liberation of dissolved gas from oil or retrograde condensation in a gas-condensate system) – so-called gas dissolution / condensate evaporation hysteresis;

2) pressure depletion in a gas-condensate reservoir below the maximum condensation pressure (transition from retrograde condensation to direct re-vaporization);

3) gas injection in oil or gas-condensate reservoir.

Similar processes may also take place during hydrocarbon flow in wellbores and surface facilities.

Non-equilibrium effects result in considerable (tens or hundreds percent) deviation of actual reservoir system parameters (saturation pressure, production composition) from their estimates by equilibrium models.

For practical needs, reservoir engineers are limited to either using equilibrium compositional models with no account for non-equilibrium effects, or black oil models with the option of limited gas dissolution /condensate vaporization/ This option is based on a simple technical relation and doesn't consider specific physics of non-equilibrium processes.

In the presentation, methods and algorithms are presented for non-equilibrium phase behavior simulations suitable for wide practical use. A relation is shown between non-equilibrium effects and simulation scale. As the applications, flow simulations with compositional and black oil formulations are considered. Phase behavior simulation cases are shown for real oil and gas-condensate mixtures, including matching of the non-equilibrium condensate recovery dynamics for the late stage of production at the Vuktylskoye field.


Ilya M. Indrupskiy

Chief researcher / head of Gas-, Oil- and Condensate Recovery Lab of the Oil and Gas Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences (OGRI RAS). Professor of the Applied Mathematics and Computer Modeling Department of the Gubkin State University of Oil and Gas.

Graduated from the Gubkin University with an engineering degree in applied mathematics. Doctor of technical sciences in reservoir engineering. Professor of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Author of more than 150 journal and conference papers and more than 20 patents.

Research area includes improvement of integrated 3D reservoir modeling; forward and inverse problems of fluid flow and thermodynamics in oil and gas reservoirs; development of highly informative well testing and data interpretation methods; advancements in production techniques for hard-to-recover hydrocarbons.

Ilya has a considerable experience in research projects for the Russian Academy of Sciences, as well as for Gazprom Neft, TNK-BP, Rosneft, Lukoil, Gazprom and other companies.

Reliable information about reservoir properties and its variation within the reservoir is a key factor in reducing uncertainty within the choice of an asset development strategy, technological solutions, estimation of recoverable reserves and feasibility of development strategies. In case of waterflood designing or other methods of pressure maintenance for inhomogeneous, anisotropic collector, among necessary initial parameters we need the most accurate data on displacement efficiency, relative phase permeability functions, permeability values ​​along lateral and vertical coordinates, and principal directions of permeability tensor for complex carbonate objects. All those characteristics are currently determined from data of laboratory core studies, with total impossibility to transfer it correctly to the scale and conditions of fluid flow in formation during field development.

For 15 years the authors have been developing new methods and technologies for complex well testing. For each type of research, a specially planned sequence of technological operations, extended complex of hydrodynamic, geophysical measurements and methods production logging provide highly informative data on multidimensional multiphase filtration processes directly at reservoir conditions.

To determine desired reservoir characteristics, obtained data are interpreted by data assimilation within inverse problem solution. Corresponding forward problems are solved in transient, multiphase and / or multidimensional statement, with full consideration for object peculiarities (heterogeneity and anisotropy of formation properties, compressibility of fluids and rocks, possibility of separating dissolved gas, variable mineralization of water, etc.). Solution of corresponding inverse problems is carried out using effective optimization methods and methods of optimal control theory (adjoint method). Algorithms and software have been developed for numerical solution of forward and inverse problems.

A series of patents has been obtained for new methods of well testing and related technical solutions. Technologies are tested on a number of domestic deposits. Substantial results are obtained, new interesting effects are revealed.

Our presentation will highlight the main ideas, achieved results and accumulated experience, with an emphasis on the scientific component of topic considered.


S.N. Zakirov, E.S. Zakirov, I.M. Indrupsky, 
D.P. Anikeev, T.N. Tsagan-Mandjiev, M.N. Baganova, OGRI RAS


Ernest S. Zakirov


Professional Characteristic

Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor of the Russian Academy of Sciences E.S. Zakirov is a leading scientist in the field of modeling oil and gas fields development, development optimization of natural hydrocarbon deposits, history matching of 3D hydrodynamic models, specialized well testing, and an expert in domestic oil and gas projects.

E.S. Zakirov already has published over 225 scientific works, including 7 monographs and 1 book, possesses more than 40 patents for inventions, including international (USA). Prepared 5 candidates of sciences. He is also SPE member.



In 1991 he graduated cum laude from Moscow State University named after M.V. Lomonosov.

In 1991-1994 years – post-graduate student of Moscow State University named after M.V. Lomonosov.

In 1997 he defended his candidate degree.

In 2001 he defended his doctoral dissertation.

In 2015, he was elected professor of the Russian Academy of Sciences by the Department of Earth Sciences of the Russian Academy of Sciences.


Professional activity

1994 to present time

Principal Researcher of the Gas-Oil-Condensate Recovery Laboratory of Oil and Gas Research Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences.

Creates new and improves existing technologies for oil and gas fields development.

Along with fundamental research, he is engaged in designing and improving development of oil and gas fields, including Yaro-Yakhinskoye, Western Siberia (1997), Severo-Vasyuganskoye, Tomsk Region (1998), Talinskoe field, Western Siberia (2000), Pribrezhnoye field (2001), Prirazlomnoye, the Barents Sea (2002), the Novogodnee. West Siberia (2006).

Since 1991, he has been conducting joint scientific research with Statoil, Norsk Hydro, Verbundnetz Gas, YUKOS, SIDANKO, Lukoil, Rosneft, TNK-BP and other companies.


YP February 15 meeting canceled!

Sunday, 28 January 2018

New Year for children

On December 23, SPE Moscow section together with Gubkin University SPE Student Chapter organized a charity trip to the social rehabilitation center for minors in Suvorov.

Such trips are organized monthly. A feature of this time was the theatrical production "Bremen Town Musicians", prepared by students. It is also worth noting that each child during the previous trip wrote a letter to Santa Claus, in which he told of his desire. And at the end of the performance, the children were presented with the gifts they had conceived.

We are grateful to the members of the SPE Moscow office for assistance in implementing children's desires: Anton Ablaev, Vlada Streletskaya, Assel Salimova, Veronika Korepanova, Alena Sagon, John Gallivan, Thierry Grussaute, Ilya Novikov, Sergey Kolbikov, Kreso Kurt Butula, Vadim Salyaev, Oleg Zhdaneev; the staff of Salym Petroleum Development: Svyatoslav Kryanev, Yaroslav Gorbachev, Sergey Antipenko, Yevgeny Rodionov, as well as SPE Moscow office and Ltd LUKOIL-Engineering. Thanks to your support, every child could touch the New Year miracle.

More details about the project you can find out on the special page of the site.